General Kokedama Plant Care Guide

Kokedama Care Guidelines

Tranquil Plants are Kokedama - ‘koke’ meaning moss and ‘dama’ meaning ball; it is a centuries old Japanese garden art form tied into the practice of bonsai. The root balls of our plants are wrapped in soft green moss which provides a living planter and an impressive display piece. Our plants are easy to look after, but it is important to follow the care instructions specific to your plant variety - these can be found on the individual plant description pages in our shop. Here are some good general guidelines for you, however, for more detailed information, see our detailed FAQ pages.


General Care

-If your plant feels lightweight, it is a sign that it needs to be watered. Follow our watering guidelines.

-For plant specific care information, please read the individual care guides in the Advice section in our site. We have added simple illustrations showing how much light and water your plant or tree will require to thrive.

-When watering, ensure that you fully submerge the moss ball underneath the water, air bubbles rising up are a good sign, although may not always be visible.

-Any browning or spotted leaves may simply be pinched or cut from the stem to make way for new fresh growth.

-For our green moss to stay fresh, it helps to give it a misting spray here and there, typically every 1-3 days. Misting requirements will depend on the humidity and airflow in your home.

-If the moss is constantly saturated it can turn brown, similarly, using unfiltered ‘hardwater’ can also turn your moss brown. Alternatively, aging moss can also turn brown in certain places – this is natural, and if kept properly, most of it will stay green!

-Feeding is done by adding the liquid fertiliser to the water used to soak the moss ball when watering the plant (follow dilution instructions on the bottle). We advise feeding once per month during the growing season (April - September).

-If our plants are watered too frequently or do not receive adequate air flow, mould may form on the surface of the moss/coco fibre - this can be removed by simply wiping it off using a cloth and some diluted dishwashing liquid.

-Sometimes, roots can push and grow out of the moss ball - if this happens you can do any of the following:

1. Leave them alone - it will not affect the plant and can create an interesting look.

2. Trim them back up to the base of the moss.

3. Plant the whole moss ball in a pot or get a coco fibre wrap kit.

    If a moss ball string loosens, slacken it a bit more and re-tie to bottom of the plant.


    Additional Bonsai Care

    Bonsai trees like sunny conditions and plenty of light exposure. They should be turned at least once a week to ensure they grow evenly. If the stems are growing really long with not many leaves, the plant may not be getting enough sun.


    Watering is one of the most important factor of Bonsai care, please follow our guide which details the best method for watering Kokedama plants and trees.


    To retain the small bonsai shape, your plant will benefit from pruning during the growing season. You can do this with scissors to trim the branches, try to always cut next to a growth point (where the leaves or stems grow from). Pruning stimulates additional growth and can help your plant/tree to fill out and become bushier.

    Keeping your moss green

    If your moss is starting to turn brown, it is best to catch it early – no time like the present! Your moss will turn brown if it has dried out, or if it has been overwatered. If the moss is saturated for long periods it can begin to brown as it cannot breathe. Other factors can affect the health of your moss such as chlorine in ‘hardwater’. Moss prefers to be in slightly moist and shady environment at all times.

    To revive brown moss, we look to create a mini greenhouse environment. To do this, place your misted moss ball into the clear plastic bag and tie the top to keep the moisture in; it also helps to lightly mist the bag beforehand.


    Additional Coco Fibre Care

    Our Coco fibre plants are a low maintenance alternative to the traditional Kokedama plants. They look great and there is no need to spray mist their root ball - perfect for busy people and beginners!

    Mould is appearing on the moss, what should I do?

    Although rare, mould growth can occur as your plant is a living organism which also supports other living organisms; it is most likely to appear after being rehydrated using the plastic bag method. Simply wipe away any mould with diluted dishwashing liquid at a ratio of 1 part dishwashing liquid to 10 parts water. To prevent more mould growth, move your plant to a place that has more ventilation.


    -Keep your plant in its preferred optimal environment with sufficient light for its variety.

    -To gauge if your plant needs watering, pick it up – if it feels lightweight, it is a sign that it needs to be watered.

    -Use filtered or rainwater where possible, ‘hard’ tap water can have a potentially damaging effect on plant/moss health.

    -Feed/fertilise your plant during the growing season on a monthly basis, from April - September.

    -Only water when needed - too much of a good thing can cause harm! This also applies to the moss - if it is constantly saturated it can turn brown.

    -Extreme temperature changes and hot/cold air flow can cause damage to your plants – it is best to keep away from heaters, fans/air-conditioning units and open windows.

    -To revive browning moss, spray mist with water and place the moss ball inside the clear plastic bag for a few days to allow it to rehydrate.

    -Earth worms are beneficial for your plant and the soil it lives in! Please do not kill them, if unwanted, simply transfer them in your garden or your local park. Please be compassionate to all living beings!

    -We are always here to assist you, if you are unsure of something check our detailed care guides on our website, or please contact us!


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